Stringency measures

How consumer behaviours changed in response to COVID-19 lockdown stringency measures - A case study of Walmart

We investigate the impact of non-pharmaceutical interventions, in the form of lockdown stringency measures, on consumer purchasing behaviours for essential goods over the onset of the pandemic

Quantifying the impact of COVID-19 on immigration in receiving high-income countries

We quantify the impact of COVID-19 on immigration flows in 15 high-income countries by forecasting their counterfactual levels in 2020 assuming no pandemic and comparing these estimates with observed immigration counts.